Alan Greenspan served as chair of the Federal Reserve from 1987 to 2006, appointed by Presidents Reagan, Bush, Clinton, and Bush. He previously served as chair of President Ford’s Council of Economic Advisors. He received a B.S. (summa), M.A. and Ph.D. from NYU and honorary degrees from Harvard, Yale, Pennsylvania, Notre Dame, Leuven and Edinburgh universities as well as the Legion of Honor (France), Knight Commander of the British Empire and the Medal of Freedom, the United States’ highest civil award.